Alcohol is the most commonly used drug globally and is one of the most prevelant forms of addiction. In this article we will look at the causes and subsequent effects of alcohol addiction.

Effects

Short term impacts
  • Vomiting
  • Headache
  • Animia
  • Diarrhea
  • Coma
  • Car accident

Physical effects of being drunk:

  • Loss of self control
  • Slurred words
  • Loss of balance
  • Poor judgement
  • Increased confidence
Long term impacts

Increases the risk of:

  • Heart disease
  •  Liver cancer
  • Liver cirrhosis
  • Throat cancer
  • Colon cancer
  • Lung cancer
  • High blood pressure
Social impact
  • Merges your personal life with your work life in a negative way.
  • Effects the addicts family and friends.
  • Social life deteriorates.
  • You wont get a job if you turn up to an interview drunk.
  • The people around you may become uncomfortable in your presence.
  • If a young person becomes addicted it will affect their schooling.
  • An addicts personality changes which may cause them to be more aggresive.

The science behind alcohol

  • Ethanol is absorbed into the bloodstream in the mouth (very small amount), then the stomach and then the largest part of the intestines and digestive system.

  • Alcohol causes the red blood cells to become more compact so they can not travel throughout the body which causes neurons to die thus slowing down the reaction time of the person drinking the alcohol.

Causes

peer pressure

 From a young age children want to fit in and drinking in teenage subcultures is often associated with being ‘cool’ or simply to demonstrate they are part of a group. As children grow older they may hear or see other teenagers go to parties and drink or consume large quantities of alcohol and thus in order to be accepted and fit in then they must also drink alcohol and are encouraged too by their friends. This could also give them social status in social situations and allows them to boost their confidence.

Society
  • Young people are bombarded with examples of drink and drinking everywhere – on TV, in magazines, in social media. Constant exposure to this could make young people think that alcohol is essential to fit in in society and subconsciously make young people want to drink
Family Attitudes
  • If surrounded by parents or adults regularly consuming large quantities of alcohol this may affect a child to think that alcohol is an essential part of life and so will be more likely to consume higher levels of alcohol. Many parents believe that serving alcohol at home teaches children to drink
Agression and violence
  • Aggression and violence – Children and teenagers who drink may behave and react unpredictably as they have less self-control and their brains struggle to recognise ‘warning signs’. This can lead to aggression and fights. Evidence shows their risk of being involved in violence and serious vandalism increases directly in line with alcohol consumption, which could lead to arrest and a criminal record.